Pdf/E–book [Архипелаг ГУЛаг 1918 1956 Опыт художественного исследования III IV Arhipelag GULag] Û Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

WowThe first volume of Soltzhenitsyn s book was fantastic this one is so much better Yes part 3 which consists about 597 of the 672 pages drags after a while In it he takes the reader through the Gulag with chapters on the overseers the children and pretty much every other aspect of the camps We know it is vital to never forget the horrors of 20th century totalitarianism and this book ought to be reuired reading to help us never forget But it is the short part four where the best of the book comes in Soltzhenitsyn talks about how the camp brought out who people really are People he argues did not become evil in the camp Rather they were already evil and this brought it out This reminds me of Jesus teachings about those faithful in small things will be iven Who are really are when you re poor and insignificant will be amplified if HAMSTERS! A Fabulous Anthology (for Fabulous Raye) given the chance At the same time Soltzhenitsyn reminds us that it is not just that some are evil for that dividing line runs through each of us fun fact that is the one uote you may be familiar with and he says it twice having said it early in volume 1 How does that work How is it both true that people in the camps who became corrupt already were like that as opposed to those in the campus who persevered Soltzhenitsyn speaks about a moral core a nucleus and I think that s it We are all capable of horrific things If I look at those campuards the people who performed horrible acts and recognize they are part of the same human race that has to be humbling I m just as human as they are I am just as capable of evil for that line Shine: The Visual Economy of Light in African Diasporic Aesthetic Practice goes right through me We need to be honest with who we are and discover that moral nucleus that would enable us to persevere in the worst circumstances As our culture leaves some of its traditional foundations for morals behindits easy to think we re in trouble as a culture May we not be too uick to leave the wisdom of the past behind This brings me back to Frankl s Man s Search for Meaning which I read recently If the Gulag is too intimidating in its length check that one out first Then come back hereSo slog through the first 600 pages and read closely the last 80 Its worth it The fact that Solzhenitsyn made it out of the Gulag alive and blessed us with this book is an absoluteift This is the most influential book I ve read to date in my life A Masterpiece Gradually it was disclosed to me that the line separating ood and evil passes not through states nor between classes nor between political parties either but right through every human heart and through all human hearts This line shifts Inside us it oscillates with the years And even within hearts overwhelmed by evil one small bridgehead of ood is retained And even in the best of all hearts there remains an unuprooted small corner of evil I started reading this series after a verbal altercation with an individual over my American upbringing and challenged notions about the Soviet Union and its actuality As someone who does not like being challenge So we re through Volume Two of this behemoth indictment on the evils that occurred in Russia between the years of 1918 and 1956 As I stated in the review of Volume One the level of emotional intensity at which this series of books is written is pretty unbelievable It s no wonder this book is credited as helping to bring down the Soviet UnionThis volumes two parts focus on camp and camp life where you end up after interrogation and transit prisons covered in the first book then an unbelievable chapter called The Soul and Barbed Wire Only those can understand us who ate from the same bowl with us Hutzul irlThere is no limit to what should be included in this part To attain and encompass its savage meaning one would have to drag out many lives in the camps the very same in which one cannot survive for even one term without some special advantage because they were invented for destruction And from this it follows that all those who drank of this most deeply who explored it most fully are already in their raves and cannot tell us No one now can ever tell us the most important thing about these camps And the whole scope of this story and of this truth is beyond the capabilities of one lonely pen All I had was a peephole into the Archipelago not the view from a towerTo taste the sea all one needs is one خداوند الموت: حسن صباح gulpIn all the brightness it is as if there were no sin presentit is as if nature here had not yet matured to the point of sin Prishvin describing the Solovetski IslandsSo we begin at what Iather was one of the first campsbefore the Islands metastasized The Solovetski IslandsHow had it happened that the hares had not been exterminated They would explain it to the newcomer this way The little beasts and birds are not afraid here because there is a GPU order in effect Save ammunition Not a single shot is to be fired except at a prisonerDescribing a night wherein three men executed 300 prisoners at the cemetery on SolovetskiBy night s end at any rate he was seen washing off the blood soaked tops of his boots one after the other over a washbasinThey tops of his boots one after the other over a washbasinThey drunk and careless and in the morning the enormous pit only lightly covered over was still stirring and movingHere he talks about how a certain Judge Leibowitz of New York acclaimed the Gulag system after he visited itOh what an intelligent farsighted humane administration from top to bottom as Supreme Court Judge Leibowitz of New York State wrote in Life magazine after having visited Gulag In serving out his term of punishment the prisoner retains a feeling of dignity That is what he comprehended and sawOh fortunate New York State to have such a perspicacious jackass for a judgeAnd oh you well fed devil may care nearsighted irresponsible foreigners with your notebooks and your ball point pens how much you have harmed us in your vain passion to shine with understanding in areas where you did not Girl in the Blue Coat grasp a lousy thingAnd things onlyot worse in camps after this little Marxist Hunter Kiss gem was implementedThey dug down deeper into the storage chest of history and dragged out what Marx had called extraeconomic coercion In camp and on collective farms this discovery was presented with bare fangs And then Frenkel came along and like a devil sprinkling a poison into the boiling cauldron he poured in the differentiated ration pot There was a famous incantation repeated over and over again In the new social structure there can be no place for the discipline of the stick on which serfdom was based nor the discipline of starvation on which capitalism is basedAnd there you are the Archipelago managed miraculously to combine the one and the otherHere we finallyet into some of the authors experiences in his first hard labor campAnd tomorrow would be the same and every day six cars of red clay three scoops of black Doctor Sleep gruel In transit prison too we seemed to haverown weak but here it went much faster There was already a ringing in the head That pleasant weakness in which it is easier to Karma's A Sexy Bitch: Choose Your Own Erotic Fantasy Adventure give in than to fight back kept coming closer And in the barracks total darkness We lay there dressed in everything wet on everything bare and it seemed it was warmer not to take anything off like a poultice Open eyes looked at the black ceiling at the black heavens Good Lord Good Lord Beneath the shells and the bombs I begged you to preserve my life And now I beg you please send me deathSolzhenitsyn is describing the common way death occurred in campThe diarrhea takes out of a man both strength and all interest in other people in life in himself Herows deaf and stupid and he loses all capacity to weep even when he is being dragged along the Mythological Beasts Turned Me Gay: Three Book Collection: (Mythology Erotica) ground behind a sledge He is no longer afraid of death he is wrapped in a submissive rosylow He has crossed all boundaries and has forgotten the name of his wife of his children and finally his own name too Sometimes the entire body of a man dying of starvation is covered with blue black pimples like peas with pus filled heads smaller than a pinhead his face his arms legs his trunk even his scrotum It is so painful he cannot be touched The tiny boils come to a head and burst and a thick wormlike string of pus is forced out of them The man is rotting aliveBut there is one form of early release that no bluecap can take away from the prisoner This release is death And this is the most basic the steadiest form of Archipelago output there is with no normsIn the autumn of 1941 Pechorlag the railroad camp had a listed population of fifty thousand prisoners and in the spring of 1942 ten thousand During this period not one prisoner transport was sent out of Pechorlag anywhere so where did the forty thousand prisoners This All Encompassing Trip: Chasing Pearl Jam Around The World go I have written thousand here in italics why Because I learned these figures accidentally from a zek who had access to them But you would not be able toet them for all camps in all periods nor to total them upTalking about checking the dead every single dayThis was seldom like an autopsy a long vertical cut from neck to crotch breaking leg bones pulling the skull apart at its seam Mostly it was not a surgeon but a convoy Scouts guard who verified the corpse to be certain the zek was really dead and not pretending And for this they ran the corpse through with a bayonet or smashed the skull with a big mallet And right there they tied to the big toe of the corpse s right foot a tag with his prison file numberOne of my favorite parts was when he went through some of the ridiculous ways you couldet arrested and et a tenner in ulagorachevsky had been iven only five years GULAGOrachevsky had been iven only five years had been imprisoned for a facial crime really out of Orwell for a smilewhile showing another teacher in the classroom something in Pravda he had smiled The other teacher was killed soon after so no one ever found out what Orachevsky had been smiling at But the smile had been observed and the fact of smiling at the central organ of the Party was in itself sacrilegeA tailor laying aside his needle stuck it into a newspaper on the wall so it wouldn t et lost and happened to stick it in the eye of a portrait of Kaganovich A customer observed this Article 58 ten years terrorism A saleswoman accepting merchandise from a forwarder noted down on a sheet of newspaper There was no other paper The number of pieces of soap happened to fall on the forehead of Comrade Stalin Article 58 ten yearsHowever for the most part fantastic accusations were not really reuired There existed a very simple standardized collection of charges from which it was enough for the interrogator to pick one or two and stick them like postage stamps on an envelopeDiscrediting the LeaderA negative attitude toward the collective farm structureA negative attitude toward state loans and what normal person could have a positive attitudeA negative attitude toward the Stalinist constitutionA negative attitude toward whatever was the immediate particular measure being carried out by the PartySympathy for TrotskyFriendliness toward the United StatesEtc etc etcHe talks of prisoners who although imprisoned for ridiculous and false transgressions remained dead red orthodox Communists throughout their whole internmentHe is impenetrable He speaks in a language which reuires no effort of the mind And arguing with him is like walking through a desert It s about people like that that they say he made the rounds of all the smithies and came home unshod And when they write in their obituaries perished tragically during the period of the cult this should be corrected to read perished comicallyTake Prokhorov Pustover also a Bolshevik though not a Party member who turned in zeks for deliberately failing to fulfill work norms He used to report this to the chiefs and the zeks ot punished To the zeks reproaches that he must realize it was slave labor Pustover replied That s a strange philosophy In capitalist countries the workers struggle against slave labor but we even if we are slaves work for a socialist state not for private persons These officials are only temporarily in power One blow from the peopleand they will disappear but the people s state will remainIt sa jungle the consciousness of an orthodox Communist It s impossible to make sense of itDiscussing escape attemptsBut a man who seriously undertook to escape became very swiftly fearsome Some of them set fire to the taiga behind them in order to Silver in the Wood get the dogs off their trailIn 1949a fugitive was detained with human flesh in his knapsack he had killed an unconvoyed artist with a five year term who had crossed his pathand had not yet had the chance to cook itIn the spring of 1947 in the Kolymatwo convoyuards were leading a column of zeks And suddenly one zekskillfully attacked the convoy uards on his own disarmed them and shot them both The bold fellow announced to the column that it was free But the prisoners were overwhelmed with horror no one followed his lead and they all sat down right there and waited for a new convoyAnd then he took up the rifles thirty two cartridges thirty one for them and left alone He killed and wounded several pursuers and with his thirty second cartridge he shot himself The entire Archipelago might well have collapsed if all former front liners had behaved as he didDiscussing thieves read knights and there treatment under their ridiculous lawsHere is what our laws were like for thirty years For robbery of the state embezzlement of state funds a packing case from a state warehouse for three potatoes from a collective farm ten years But robbery of a free person Suppose they cleaned out an apartmentIf it was not accompanied by murder then the sentence was up to one year sometimes six months The thieves flourished because they were encouraged Through its laws the Stalinist power said to the thieves clearly Do not steal from me Steal from private persons You see private property is a belch from the pastDiscussing the actual uardsThe convoy had nothing to fear from any investigation and did not have to ive any explanations Every convoy uard who fired was. Drawing on his own incarceration and exile as well as on evidence from than 200 fellow prisoners and Soviet archives Aleksandr I Solzhenitsyn reveals the entire apparatus of Soviet repression the state within the state that ruled all powerfully Through truly Shakespearean portraits of its vic. Архипелаг ГУЛаг 1918 1956 Опыт художественного исследования III IV Arhipelag GULagPeople died and in number at the end of Stalin s reign all of Russia was covered with watch towers and barbed wire Solzhenitsyn himself a camp and cancer survivor compares the Gulag system to cancer the Gulag system developed metastasized and hardened This comparison is very helpful in understanding this monstrous piece of history After this short historical explanation Solzhenitsyn then uses almost 80% of Volume 2 to explain all the inns and outs of camp life He divides this up into The Second Cure groups of people for example explaining how women suffered from camp life how thieves ruled the camps how political prisoners were treated how people were recruited to spy on follow inmates the trusties and stool pigeons The picture that emerges is a system of forced labour that was ultimately bureaucratically enforced from above ie Moscow but which was in practice composed of layers of hierarchies The Soviets used human nature to make things work for them by introducing unreachable work norms theyave themselves the stick with which to punish prisoners randomly They set up shock workers and competition between work brigades to make the prisoners work effectively and efficiently One wonders why communism accepted this form of free market competitionIn Essential Andhra Cookbook: With Hyderabadi and Telengana Specialities general everyone was set up against everyone all day and on all domains food work bunks social relations etc By doing this the state thought up a brilliant scheme that allowed a handful ofuards to oversee hundreds of thousands of prisoners that freely submitted to the most horrible conditions a human being can think of This same mechanism by the way can be seen when one looks at the American slave trade or the Holocaust People who submit freely to the most inhumane conditions only because of fear and divisionAlas the main port of Volume 2 which deals with the life of the persons in camp is interesting but can become rather long winded Example after example after example After 250 pages one The Sorcerer's Apprentice gets the picture just fine in camp the prisoner was submitted to anything one can think of and then some It doesn t really matter if Solzhenitsyn explains the fate of men women political prisoners thieves the USSR s slogan From each according to his ability to each according to his needs is very appropriate here Women of course were degraded and humiliated byang rapes enforced prostitution all kinds of perverse torture but also by horrible working conditions and plain violence And so were the men just in different ways And the distinction between political and non political prisoner wasn t really important for the experience of camp life as well only when it came to amnesties and decreesAnyway the first 600 pages of the book except for the historical explanation of the Gulag system are all about these camp experiences This makes the book somewhat less focused and less impressive as a political argument than Volume1 But the experiences themselves are heart breaking unbelievable and simply unthinkable Solzhenitsyn somewhere states that the stories of these human beings many of whom perished in the camps long before the book was published serve as a statement the lives and experiences of these people deserve to be written down in history s book Just like in Volume 1 Solzhenitsyn doesn t shy away from naming and shaming While protecting his sources by hiding full names he doesn t protect the perpetrators and career bureaucrats who convicted innocent people by the thousands and tortured killed and punished millions One can read Solzhenitsyn s own hate towards these people and this is entirely understandable It in no way affects the factual side of the stories while it conveys the inhumanity of the Soviet Union very strongly The last part of the book less than 10% of the whole volume is the most interesting part In part 4 Solzhenitsyn Eagle's Gate goes off on a philosophical and psychological tour de force He reflects on what life in a forced labour camp brutal repetitive and meaningless work under harsh inhumane conditions and for decades long does to a person According to him the Gulag separates the wheat from the chaff The camp shows who isood and who is bad The fault line between the two is located not in society but in the heart of a human being People can be both World War Z. La guerra mondiale degli zombi good and bad at different places and at different times It is your decisions in a your reaction to a particular situation and time that make youood or bad And according to Solzhenitsyn most of the camps were filled with bad people People who cheated lied thieved murdered and snitched their way to survival opportunists with the motto Rather you than me today A minority of people stuck to their own convictions and morality mostly intellectuals who were born and raised to be ethical people Usually the cost of such behaviour was death but sometimes someone managed to survive It is these people that Solzhenitsyn puts on a pedestal Solzhenitsyn s philosophy is simple A person arrested imprisoned tortured interrogated convicted transported to camp and entering camp life for the first time is someone who has to renounce everything and everyone he has His life is over the moment he enters the camp And then life truly begins deprived of everything such a person can flee inside his own mind the one and only bastion the uards will never be able to take not even through propaganda One learns to adapt to camp life and to reflect on one s past life The future doesn t exist any In a sense this is almost a mode of contemplation it resounds somewhat like the Christian martyrs who were persecuted heavily under the Roman Empire Camp life forces the human being to show his or her true colours Am I ood or bad There s no hiding my face any Am I unconuerable and free or suffering and lowly Solzhenitsyn s philosophy sounds like Nietzsche on steroids Nietzsche claimed life is suffering and it s the way that one responds to life s sufferings that determines who one is But while Nietzsche was never really put to the test his suffering comprised a professorship turned sour a love that never was and a failing eyesight Solzhenitsyn was able to see this existentialist claim unfold in reality He states that communis opinion especially under survivors and intellectuals is that people are bad in essence and just tried to survive He also states that although most people in the Soviet Union fell for the corruption and deceit there were much Who Is Muhammad Ali? good people than is accepted ineneral He mentions examples of how inmates helped each other and how even state officials and civil servants sometimes tried to help even though most of all the people officials and civilians alike were picking survival over humanity The Soviet Union was a society that was structured on purpose to create continuous feelings mistrust secrecy fear and helplessness which permeated to every nook and cranny Anyone could be an informer for the NKVD later KGB spouses informed on their partner even children denounced their parents The oal of these policies was to create a maximally divided society in which every person was on its own and could be hauled off to the camps every moment This is a society in Which The People In Power Can Control the people in power can control aspect of every person s life Totalitarianism It is interesting to note here that the Soviets had a youth movement that indoctrinated eneration after eneration on the threat of internal enemies of communism the future bureaucrats and camp uards Even Hitler and his Hitler jugend bleaks in comparisonTo end this review it is interesting uote Solzhenitsyn on the effects of such a policy of mass fear secrecy and mistrust In 1949 the father of a irl who was a fellow student of VI s was arrested In these cases everyone would shun such a student and that was considered natural But VI did not shun her and openly expressed sympathy with the irl and tried to find ways to help her out Frightened by such unusual conduct the A Secret Kept girl rejected VI s help and participation and lied to him saying she did not believe in the innocence of her arrested father and that he had evidently concealed his crime from his family all his life And it was only during the times of Khrushchev that their tongues were loosened theirl told him she had decided he was either a police informer or else a member of an anti Soviet organization out to rope in the dissatisfiedThis universal mutual mistrust had the effect of deepening the mass rave pit of slavery The moment someone began to speak up frankly everyone stepped back and shunned him A provocation And therefore anyone who burst out with a sincere protest was predestined to loneliness and alienation p 636Anyone who was only superficially related to someone arrested was excommunicated by everyone around himher This is how a society tries to continue in the face of continuous terror and threat People would offer servitude to those in power they would retreat into secrecy and mistrust others they would act ignorant they would inform on others either voluntarily out of fear or as a recruited informant they would betray anyone without the blink of an eye become corrupt and cruel In such a society the masses always bending for those in power out of sheer egoism and survival will throw anyone to the wolves If I can just escape this sticky situation I ll do anything to live Stalin was able through his reign of terror to totally control the masses He was able to do this only because he disposed of all the people who thought for themselves and were critical of inhumane ways and repression People who saw through the fa ade of communism it was not the rule of the workers and certainly not To each according to his needs it was fascism plain and simple There really is no different between Hitler and Stalin or Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia It is important to repeat that the intelligentsia almost always serves as a bulwark to primitive emotions The masses are easily stirred up and are controlled easily through psychology All dictators and regimes fear the intelligentsia because criticism sows doubt And doubt leads to reflecting on what s ood and what s bad This is counterproductive to oppression and exploitation Nowadays it is uite convenient to declare that arrest was a lottery Ehrenburg Yes it was a lottery all right but some of the numbers were fixed They threw out a eneral dragnet and arrested in accordance with assigned uota figures yes but every person who objected publicly they rabbed that very minute And it turned into a selection on the basis of souls not a lottery Those who were bold fell beneath the axe were sent off to the Archipelago and the picture of the monotonously obedient freedom remained unruffled All those who were purer and better could not stay in that society and without them it kept etting and trashy You would not notice these uiet could not stay in that society and without them it kept etting and trashy You would not notice these uiet at all But they were in fact the dying of the soul of the people p 642Notice the emphasis on uota figures The Soviet Union was a state that enforced order through rigid control uota figures conseuences net benefits were leading human beings were just a means to reach the desired outcome And the intelligentsia were an obstacle a hindrance since they exposed the insanity of the planThis also parallels Hitler s Du bist nichts dein Volk ist alles and Deutschland ber alles the German people were to be sacrificed in order to the reach the desired outcome world domination Lebensraum and the destruction of the Jews Judenfrage Also in this case the intelligentsia was a major nuisance it s just that most of them fled to other parts of the world those remained either converted to Nazism Heidegger Heisenberg etc or were among the first to perish in campsThe Gulag Archipelago is a timeless monument of History In my opinion it should be part of curricula on schools It will open the eyes off all these younger Tricycle (HISTOIRE) generations of people who haverown up in wealth health and prosperity and who take progress for ranted Most of those people have leanings towards Marxism although it is mostly cultural as opposed to economic Marxism nowadays These people have no inkling about their own place in history their ignorance makes them live off the savings of earlier enerations and they re suandering everything pretty fast Personal liberty and economic liberty albeit in clearly circumscribed areas are among the most exalted human discoveries ever We should take note of past mistakes learn from them and recognize totalitarianism for what it is especially in the age of the internetCf China s implementation of a digital system that rewards people social credits for Let Freedom Reign': The Words of Nelson Mandela. Henry Russell good deeds Of course theood is defined by the Party and through in built incentives those in power can steer the masses to act accordingly You don t want to follow our policies and views All right you won t et credits hence you will not be able to live in a city or have a job Volume two was just as soul crushing as Volume I full review to come at the end of Volume III The section entitled The Soul and Barbed Wire certainly makes the journey Volume III The section entitled The Soul and Barbed Wire certainly makes the journey and I am very lad to be reading the unabridged version Finally can start reading this again I ot a replacement though it be a lowly paperback reprint as I m no longer wealthy for my 1st edition that the USPS lost when I moved along with 36lbs of other collectible and expensive books several volumes of A Study of History unabridged Hitler s War Inwagen s Metaphysics A Secular Age Philosophy for Graduate Students The World as Will and Representation vols 1 and 9 of Copleston s history Wilson s Sociobiology Wittgenstein s Investigations Strauss Howe Generations a 1st edition of Race Evolution Behavior by Rushton The Camp of the Saints Plantinga s Warrant books Chadwick s 140 study of the Great Schism the Denzinger 46th ed Heresy and Authority in the Middle Ages the collected Plato and Aristotle the life of Darwin Suetonius and Livy in Loeb editions etc etc assholes delivered the lid of my box in a bag with a snide apology for losing the other 5 sides of the box. Ho defenseless endured reat brutality and degradation The Gulag Archipelago 1918 1956 a risly indictment of a regime fashioned here into a veritable literary miracle has now been updated with a new introduction that includes the fall of the Soviet Union and Solzhenitsyn's move back to Russi.

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Right Every prisoner killed was uiltyAt the Rudram in Tamil gatehouse a zek ran up to auard with a release document and asked Let me through I am oing to the laundry outside the camp compound I ll only be a minute You can t But tomorrow I m oing to be free fool The KaBOOM!: One Entrepreneur's Quest to Build Community SAVE PLAY! guard shot him dead And there wasn t even a trialIn 1938a forest fire flew with the speed of a hurricaneand from the forest into two camps What was to be done with the zeks The decision had to be made instantly there was no time to consult with higher jurisdictions Theuards refused to release them and they all burned to death That was the easy way If they had been released and escaped the uards would have been court martialedNow we re finally on to Part IV The Soul and Barbed Wire Behold I shew you a mystery we shall not all sleep but we shall all be changed I Corinthians 1551Think Draw some conclusions from the misfortune And all that endless time after all the prisoner s brains and souls are not inactive In the mass and from a distance they seem like swarming lice but they are the crown of creation right After all once upon a time a weak little spark of God was breathed into them too is it not true So what has become of it nowAlong our chosen road are twists and turns and twists and turns Uphill Or up into the heavens Let s o let s stumble and stagger The day of liberation What can it ive us after so many years We will change unrecognizably and so will our near and dear onesAnd the thought of freedom after a time even becomes a forced thought Far fetched Strange The day of liberation As if there were any liberty in this country Or as if it were possible to liberate anyone who has not first become liberated in his own soulHis friend telling him a story while he s in the hospitalAnd on the whole do you know I have become convinced that there is no punishment that comes to us in this life on earth which is undeserved Superficially it can have nothing to do with what we are uilty of in actual fact but if you Who on God's Earth do you 'think' you are?: A true story about TRANSCENDING the ILLUSION of SEPARATION go over your life with a fine tooth comb and ponder it deeply you will always be able to hunt down that transgression of your for which you have now received this blowThe Nuremberg Trials have to be regarded as one of the special achievements of the twentieth century they killed the very idea of evil though they killed very few of the people who had been infected with itAnd if by the twenty first century humanity has not yet blown itself up and has not suffocated itself perhaps it is this direction that will triumph Yes and if it does not triumph then all humanity s history will have turned out to be an empty exercise in marking time without the tiniest mite of meaning Whither and to what end will we otherwise be moving To beat the enemy over the head with a club even a caveman knew thatAnd that is why I turn back to the years of my imprisonment and say sometime to the astonishment of those about me Bless you prisonAll human emotions love friendship envy love of one s fellows mercy thirst for fame honesty fell away from us along with the meat of our musclesWe had no pride no vanity and even jealousy and passion seemed to be Martian conceptsThe only thing left was anger the most enduring of human emotions We came to understand that truth and falsehoods were kind sistersThose people became corrupted in camp who had already been corrupted out in freedom or who were ready for it Because people are corrupted in freedom too sometimes even effectively than in campIn a culture of corruption and liesthe stronget eaten firstYes it was a lottery all right but some of the numbers were fixed They threw out a eneral dragnet and arrested in accordance with assigned uota figures yes but every person who objected publicly they rabbed that very minute And it turned into a selection on the basis of soul not a lottery Those who were bold fell beneath the axe were sent off to the Archipelago and the picture of the monotonously obedient freedom remained unruffled All those who were purer and better could not stay in that society and without them it kept etting and trashy you would not notice these uiet departures at all But they were in fact the dying of the soul of the peopleI ll end with thisLooking back I saw that for my whole conscious life I had not understood either myself or my strivings What had seemed for so long to be beneficial now turned out in actuality to be that which was truly necessary to me But just as the waves of the sea knock the inexperienced swimmer off his feet and keep tossing him back onto the shore so also was I painfully tossed back on dry land by him back onto the shore so also was I painfully tossed back on dry land by blows of misfortune And it was only because of this that I was able to travel the path which I had always really wanted to travel It was ranted me to carry away from my prison years on my bent back which nearly broke beneath its load this essential experience how a human being becomes evil and how Judy Blume: Fearless Storyteller for Teens good In the intoxication of youthful successes I had felt myself to be infallible and I was therefore cruel In the surfeit of power I was a murderer and an oppressor In my most evil moments I was convinced that I was doingood and I was well supplied with systematic arguments And it was only when I lay there on rotting prison straw that I senses within myself the first stirrings of ood Gradually it was disclosed to me that the line separating ood and evil passes not through states nor between classes nor between political parties either but right through every human heart and through all human hearts This line shifts Inside us it oscillates with the years And even within hearts overwhelmed by evil one small bridgehead of ood is retained And even in the best of all hearts there small bridgehead of ood is retained And even in the best of all hearts there unuprooted small corner of evil Since then I have come to understand the truth of all the religions of the world They struggle with the evil inside a human being inside every human being It is impossible to expel evil from the world in its entirety but it is possible to constrict it within each person If one is to read only one part of the trilogy this is perhaps the one The first one has a lot of history and context which are relevant but not uniue I am sure the last one the one I am Jimmy: The Terrorist going through now will have a lot of views on conseuences and future The middle volumes are the core that defines the monumental workA lot of what I reviewed in the first volume is worth repeating If there is any literary work where no reviewer is even worthy of commenting this is perhaps that Our race has seen indescribable tragedies The worst are perhaps those created by men themselves Stalin sreat purge must rank near the top of any such list Solzhenitsyn s work ensures that future How to Live the James Bond Lifestyle: The Complete Seminar generations never forget its minutest details That the author published this at tremendous personal risks and post achievements like a Nobel prize which would make perhaps some other to turn less ambitious or brave embellishes thereat service this work has done to our societiesThat said this is an incredibly hard book to read The writing style is fluid Despite the voluminous details and hundreds of tales containing different types of people places and nature the rhythm is consistent and rarely containing too much than necessary Yet this encyclopedic work is like a dictionary or an almanack A reader s emotions would reach the revulsion limits early with the framework set in terms of what to expect The More scary stories for sleep-overs grimness is relentless and beyond a point many may feel sick worried about one s own sadistic tendencies to keep reading A tragedy involving millions could have tales differing somewhat that could last books hundreds of times as big or summarized with key details in a length perhaps one fifth Some like this reviewer may feeluilty leaving such a reat work midway as well and plod on Every reader may have her own point at which the book becomes too muchThe second volume focuses on the life in Gulag Gone are descriptions of events that led to the purge or explanations of the era defining terms like Gulag GPU NKVD Cheka the labour penal system etc This book is just about the slave like life in the labour camps The second volume of the Gulag trilogy is primarily focused on the work camps He continues his excellent narrative with some amazing stories and describes the people of the archipelago as they really were This is a remarkable work and should receive a wider audience than it does This book is about humanity at its best but often at its worst This is one of the most important works available to understand the human soul As I read this account of the decades of abuses inflicted on tens of millions of those ulag unfortunates I wondered for my character How would I behave were I a zek Would I find my way into the ranks of trusties Would I have survived or died within the camps What if I were a Heads of the Colored People guard or an officer ofuards Would I devolve into one of the monsters to force the zeks out into 40F winter weather insufficiently clothed to labor in the forests knowing many would die from the task If I were an ordinary citizen fortunate to avoid the camps how many family members friends coworkers or neighbors would I undermine to save my own skin These uestions so far disconnected from today s American lifestyle create some personal difficulty connecting with our current social disorders which seem rather trivial in comparison to the world Solzhenitsyn described Where were or are the tears for those tens of millions of souls most arbitrarily subjected to conditions beyond our daytime imagination All these uestions In Volume 1 of his influential and magnificent The Gulag Archipelago Russian writer and camp survivor Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wrote about how the system of prison and forced labour camps arose in the 1920 s in the Soviet Union More than a reaction to the Soviets victory in the Civil War the Gulag system was a direct offshoot from communist ideology Communism as instated by Lenin and intensified by Stalin preached a radical collectivism mass confiscation by the state of all property and means of production and the erection of a totalitarian bureaucracy to redistribute products and property Forced labour really a system of concentration camps through which hundreds of millions of innocents passed and where tens of millions perished was a logical outcome of communism but also an important pillar on which the ideology rested People who in a healthy society are considered prisoners thieves murderers rapists were considered to be victims of bourgeois society people who in a healthy society are considered ordinary citizens were considered to be prisoners Communism inverted Dont You Dare Give Up guilty and innocent or rather it eradicated the concept ofuilt the camp was the destination for anyone whom the state deemed it to be expedient to be a prisoner uotas had to be fulfilled bureaucrats had to make careers the state had to produce food products and services for low costs ie free hence millions of prisoners were needed In Volume 1 of The Gulag Archipelago Solzhenitsyn not only explained how this system started and developed how Lenin created the Law Codes to justify these crimes how Stalin sent wave after wave to disappear in this system of sewage disposal most of all he explained what arrest imprisonment interrogation and transport to distribution centres and to camps meant to the person involved And how it felt Throughout Volume 1 Solzhenitsyn is able to ive detailed descriptions of the horrible conditions under which prisoners were treated and how prisoners were radually broken down and worn out to make them submit to the even brutal conditions of the GulagIn Volume 2 Solzhenitsyn leaves this period of arrest imprisonment interrogation conviction and transport This book again a huge tome spanning almost 700 pages is focused solely on the Gulag the camps He starts by explaining how the first camps already started functioning in the early twenties even when the Civil War was still raging Back then the churches on the Solovsky Islands an inhospitable harsh region in north western Russia were confiscated by the state and prisoners were radually sent there The whole region soon developed into a brutal forced labour regime where prisoners had to dig out entire canals It is almost impossible to convey the brutality the prisoner faced logging trees digging in mines or building canals for than twelve hours a day on 150 rams of bread and a cup of water They had to do all this without any tools or technology if they had some they were built from wood and were so primitive that they either broke down or that the construction project was a complete failure And we all know the conseuences this latter option implicated To show the deranged nature of the Soviet system even locks had to be created from wood Since the Soviet Union was based on communism and communism portrays itself to be an economic ideology it is interesting to make an analysis of the costs and benefits of this way of structuring society The benefits Canals that were dug so primitively and under such idiotic conditions that they were never officially taken into use Solzhenitsyn describes the building of the White Sea Baltic Sea and the Moscow Volga canals by forced labour but of course this has to be multiplied by hundreds or even thousands of such projects The costs 250000 people perished building the White Sea Baltic Sea canal 200000 people perished building the Moscow Volga canal But never mind this labour force after all is infinitely replaceable It has cost the state absolutely nothing well maybe the food and clothes if one can speak of these things at all but anything else was build on exploitation of human beingsAnd this was just in of these things at all but anything else was build on exploitation of human beingsAnd this was just in 1920 s when the Soviet Union was still in tatters and when Lenin even introduced policies of market economy to recover as uickly as possible Oh hypocrisy When Stalin took over the whole Gulag system spread far and wide and intensified in duration sentences ranged from 10 25 years in brutality many millions of. Tims men women and children we encounter secret police operations labor camps and prisons; the uprooting or extermination of whole populations the welcome that awaited Russian soldiers who had been German prisoners of war Yet we also witness the astounding moral courage of the incorruptible

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