[EBOOK/EPUB] Capital The Eruption of Delhi by Rana Dasgupta

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Capital The Eruption of Delhi

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One can see how culture religion and global capital intersect and produce newer orms of being some of this is of course good and some is undoubtedly challenging For instance while the city is developing in all directions its middle and upper middle classes are growing richer they show complete disregard toward the poor In some ueer way in a profit driven society almost every body irrespective of where one is in the social hierarchy suffers the brunt of itAmong some of the better stories I particularly liked the one about the ashion designer Manish Arora He grew up in an ordinary middle class household and unlike many of his generation he took an unusual path and became an internationally renowned War Made New: Technology, Warfare, and the Course of History: 1500 to Today fashion designer Manish is openly gay Likewise there are stories of women who came out in a big way and joined all sort of professions which until now are the stronghold of men There is one exemplary story of a young girlrom a very ordinary background who works A Boy in Winter full timeor the rights of slum dwellers Usually it is the privileged women who go in their big cars to help the poorThere are also some interesting explanations about why Delhities behave in the way they do For instance why Delhi s Punjabis a wealthy community are so boisterous loud and go beyond their pockets when it comes to celebrations of all kind Rana claims that this is their way of dealing with the trauma of partition they still carry within them that pain and their excessive Frost at Midnight focus on celebration partying is a way to alleviate the pain In another context Rana Dasgupta wonders at how come people are so oblivious to the state and have almost zero levelaith in it abilities to protect them Even a casual look at Delhi s streets this is also true of other major Indian cities one sees that people are uite oblivious to the miseries of those living o streets The author believes that this is because of the Indian caste system People belong to their caste Princess Baby, Night-Night first it is caste that provides them a safety net and people drive their sense of who they are through casteThe author only moved to India in recent years In his manner of speech and behaviour he comes across much like a Brit than an Indian In parts his explanations of people and their habits reeks of biases and prejudices For instance his attitude toward Delhi s elite is uite sympathetic They are somehow above his critiue as if by critiuing them he will harm himselfMyavourite chapter in the book is the last one on water systems in Delhi This is one of the most crucial chapters in the book Indian urban centres will have huge problems on water The Pentagon Papers: Making History at the Washington Post front Here we see how wrong policies greed can lead to a disaster of sorts In the past the water was used and stored in a way that suited to its geography In this chapter it is explained in a great detail how it worked With the dawn of pipelines and several decades later the eruption of industrial units around Delhi we have effectively choked its waters its rivers have been tamed into drains toxic ones This aspect of Delhi is perhapsor other India urban centers too scary because no one is paying attention as if Delhi can do without water as if coco cola will ulfill Delhi s water deficitOf course as a reader one can easily explicate oneself because Delhi s problem are after all only Delhi s problems This is only partly true If one just scratches a bit one sees how one IS PLAYING A PART RANA WEAVES A WEB OF playing a part Rana weaves a web of prose to study what capitalism has done to Delhi a city which had previously been traumatized by other catastrophic historical orces like imperialism and partition The author alternates between personal interactions with a wide range of On a Cold Road: Tales of Adventure in Canadian Rock facesrom a wife beating billionaire to a young activist working in the slums and deep thoughts on what the uture of the Global City will be He paints a bleak uture or the city and we can only seek solace in the act that out of trauma such meaningful works are written It is an unfortunate reminder of how jaded Indian society is when you see all the reviews below panning this book as stuff we ve heard before Seriously Is everyone so resigned to living in a gangster state that the lucid and lurid anecdotes in this compendium no longer make people the lucid and lurid anecdotes in this compendium no longer make people with rage and indignation Have we all just decided to meekly allow ignorant Nini fools with no shame to take over Delhi and rule it with all the wisdom of a poorly toilet trained 3 year old crapping wherever they wish Sure there is nothing in this book that any well read student of contemporary India does not know about It s the prose and the theoretical yarn that Dasgupta weaves that makes it truly compelling His ability to thread all the multifaceted symptoms of the ill city together into a comprehensive diagnosis is what is worth reading I m not sure I agree 100% with his analysis but that is a moot point as Iound his argument enchanting and thought provoking Written I Love My Dad (Disney Princess) from the point of view of aoreigner this book attempts to outline the character of Delhi the various tragedies developments and incidents that have made it what it is today The author talks about the Mughal period British period 1947 partition post partition IT boom 1970 Sikh riots patriarchy real estate and housing water crisis trying to make the reader understand how different leaders and governments have exploited various aspects of the city For someone who has lived here Flight, Vol. 7 for 24 years now but has remained ignorant of its past this was an eye opener it s amazing to know how much this city has endured I really enjoyed the Delhi Sultanate chapters so much so that I decided to visit some of the monuments that I had never cared about before I also see myself developing a newfound interest in Urdu thanks to a chapter dedicated to itHowever Ielt that some paragraphs in this book are uite verbose boring and unnecessary The author s analysis make chapters too long and I elt lost between paragraphs sometimes re reading or entirely skipping some of them I eel I would have enjoyed the book much and inished it much earlier had it been shorter Nonetheless it was a great read and I would recommend it to anyone trying to understand not just this beautiful city but the post partition India as well. Leniem na zakręcie a ich historie składają się na obraz miasta i społeczeństwa pogrążonego w wirze transformacji Delhi to literacki portret jednego z najszybciej rozwijających się współcześnie miast ale to także opowieść o tym co być może czeka nas wszystkich; to błyskotliwa analiza rozwoju i przyszłości globalnego kapitalizm. ,
Ate occupation of the countryside which pitted big money against poor agricultural and tribal communities turning rural India into a turbulent and volatile battleground Expanding business needed land and most of India s land was in the hands of small armers whose legal ownership of it had been well secured during the Nehru years He says this land could not be acuired legally So the post liberalisation period was witness to various Camp Rex forms of seizure involving millions of hectares of rural land Sometimes this was achieved by so called land mafiaswho gotarmers off their land with gang violence or who used connections in the political establishment not only to arbitrarily re allocate land but also to enforce the order with state resources such as the police But often the land grab was enacted by the state according to the terms of the Land Acuisition Act of 1894 an instrument introduced by the British empire to legalise the expropriation of lands rom their historical owners to the colonial power and indeed the rampage of Indian elites in their own country bore a significant resemblance to that of nineteenth century European imperialists in other countries Land was repossessed under an authoritarian law little or no compensation was given to the people who previously made their living rom it and it was sold on often at ten times the price to corporationsAt on point there were hundreds of protest across the country over land appropriation Most distressingly Touch of Enchantment for the political establishment an armed Maoist rebellion swept the country s most devastated rural regions and in many places usurped all state control Prime minister Manmohan Singh declare in 2006 that they represented the single biggest security challenge everaced by our country which was something of a shock to the urban elitesBut even those rural communities who managed to escape such land battles ound that it was increasingly difficult to survive doing what they had previously done This was partly because of altered ecological conditions particularly as regarded water The expanding cities ound themselves in a greater and greater water deficit and had to pull it in Miles from Kara fromurther and Pee Wee Scouts treasury (Pee Wee Scouts, further afield drying out villages and agriculture to a radius of hundreds of kilometresOtherarms were affected by the high intensity arming introduced in the 1960s the Green Revolution had by that time exhausted their land and they were obliged to explore the possibility of new crops and chemical supplements At the same time the arrival of global corporations looking to India s armers to supply raw materials or processed oods presented them with new revenue Many High Heat farmers therefore opted to stop growingood and to pursue higher returns by growing cash crops such as sugar cane coffee cotton spices or lowers But this left a inancially vulnerable group highly exposed to market luctuationsIn other instances due to international trade agreements armers were tied to buying seed ertiliser and pesticide products rom global biotech corporations and the seed was often sterile so had to be purchased every year In an environmental context that was already becoming stern many A treatise on the law of marital rights in Texas farmers exhausted their land with the new chemicals and entered an impossible spiral of debtTogether all these things wereatal In the irst decade of the twenty irst century some 15000 Indian Lots of Hearts farmers committed suicide every yearAs a result of this rural crisis large tides of refugees departedor the cities Delhi s affluent households were hungry or servants The act that it was so easy to purchase cheap labour in act was essential to urban middle class identity Even modestly off amilies often employed a chauffeur while a maid to come early in the morning and clean the loors of the previous day a chauffeur while a maid to come early in the morning and clean the loors of the previous day dust was de rigueurAnd yet their relationships with their domestic servant were reuently and bizarrely resentful They showed little sympathy or the trauma s that sometimes struck the ragile lives of their employees The middle classes were ond of seeing themselves as under appreciated benefactors and their image of the poor was not as a productive engine but as a PACK OF PARASITES LIVING OFF THEIR OWN INTELLIGENCE AND of parasites living off their own intelligence and work it was they the middle classes who contributed real value to the economy India s boom belonged to the middle classes it was their moment and they would Pajama Party fighturiously Bunco Babes Tell All for it In a country where the mean income was 1400 per year the slightest move to average out incomes would be catastrophicor the Every Day by the Sun: A Memoir of the Faulkners of Mississippi few who earned say 60000 per year So the 90 per cent were excommunicatedrom the middle class project of India s rise and their claims on better incomes and better lives pronounced illegitimateAnd yet it goes without saying that the poor were instrumental to the new accumulation of middle class wealth The disaster of the Indian countryside unleashed not only a handy supply of domestic servants it also generated a vast supply of lab our Bringing the Outside In for constructionirms and actory owners Employers never had to worry about where the next workers would come rom They could pay almost nothing and demand pretty much any level of toil It was common or actory workers to work sixteen hours a day seven days a week thirty days a month Most were not paid a week thirty days a month Most were not paid minimum wage of 4 per day and almost none were granted pensions or insurance The Close to Hugh fact that Indianactories were now producing Women and Self Esteem for consumers all over the world added to the intensity of workers lives but made almost no difference to their salaries hide spoiler This book is about Delhi post 1990s Rana Dasgupta successfully records the transition of Delhirom a sleeping monster to a raging one The city s landscape has changed in unprecedented ways new jobs multinational companies escalation in prices of real estate Apparently this has also impacted its people in different waysSo this book tells the story of Delhi and people who live in it He meets some of Delhi s ultra rich and talks to them about their ambitions and plans Toy to Toy (Disney/Pixar Toy Story 3) for theuture what is it that moves these rich men to become richer to work harder and so orth Some of these stories give a glimpse of what is going on underneath Delhi s so called material success In these stories. Ym nierównościom społecznym a przemoc na ulicach osiągnęła niespotykaną dotąd skalęRana Dasgupta pisze o współczesnym Delhi z liryzmem i empatią wsłuchując się w głosy jego mieszkańców miliarderów i biurokratów handlarzy narkotyków i przedsiębiorców mieszkańców slumsów i pracowników międzynarodowych korporacji Są poko. Just a ew days ago Narendra Modi banned the two largest currency notes in India 500 and 1000 rupees in an effort to catch those who are corrupt or practising tax avoidance A brief synopsis of the situation can be ound in The New York Times if you want to learn the Catch and Release: Trout Fishing and the Meaning of Life full story about the heavy burden of corruption that beleaguers Indian society then this is the bookor you You need to gird your loins and stiffen your resolve because this is not an easy read Dasgupta interviews a series of people interspersed with descriptions of Indian history politics and notorious episodes of corruption like the organising of the Commonwealth Games in Delhi in 2010 Most of the people he interviews are ridiculously wealthy and immoral corrupt and grasping warning their attitudes and behaviours give one serious indigestion A couple of the people he interviews however are highly principled and ighting or the rights of the poor whose lives have been horrendously disrupted by corrupt business practicesDasgupta is a novelist and he writes with much power This is his Road Map to Holland: How I Found My Way Through My Son's First Two Years with Down Syndrome first work of noniction and the book is about Delhi the capital of India where he now lives It is an ode to stinking and corrupt capitalism at its very worst and carries warnings that all of us will recognise wherever we live I think reasonably regulated capitalism is a good thing but this is a story of things going very wrong Highly recommendedI will end with two great big chunks of information that are totally or my own interest mostly taken directly rom the book view spoiler In 1991 Manmohan Singh India s new Fashion Faux Paw finance minister announced that India would now embrace the principles of open markets andree enterprise Before that there was a closed economy orthodoxy introduced by Jawaharlal Nehru Nehru Pillars of Light felt that Britain s system ofree capitalism had pauperised India whose per capita income had not increased between 1757 and 1947 This was due to the enormous drain on India s wealth during the British eraNehru was inspired by the Bolshevik revolution and argued strongly or a centrally planned economy He visited the USSR in 1927 on the 10th anniversary of the revolution and was illed with excitementHe also made India a democracy The constitution granted universal sufferage to adult citizens despite the Solibo Magnificent fact that only 12% of them could read plus he guaranteedreedom of the press These things paid off and are an extraordinary legacy to India s Cheetahs' Craving founding politiciansNehru instigated a series of Five year Plans which would harness the nation s resources into coordinatedorward thrusts Later these plans were ormalized by Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis1 Strategic industries were the exclusive preserve of the state egoilgasatomic energydefenceaircraftironsteelelectricity generation and transmissionheavy electricalstelecommunicationscoal strategic minerals2 there would be a second category where both state and private enterprises could operatechemicalspharmaceuticalsfertilizerspulp and paperroad transport3 The remaining industries such as consumer goods were open to private companies Private enterprise was subject to intense controls however specific government licenses were needed tointroduce new productsset up a new plantfire workersMake major investmentsThose big business houses that escaped nationalization were kept under the watchful eye OF THE CONGRESS PARTY IN RETURN FOR THEIR DOCILITY the Congress Party in return or their docility were given cosy access to commercial licenses which kept competition away and ensured high profits even when as was often the case their actual products were of terrrible ualityNehru set up several high level research institutions whith the help of the theoretical physicist Homi BhabhaThe Tata Institute of Fundamental ResearchThe Atomic Energy Establishment The Indian Istitute of TechnologyThe Indian Institute of ManagementThese institutions continued to play a critical role into our own century turning out many of the men and women responsible not only French Impressions:: The Adventures of an American Family for India s technology boom but indeed because many of them ended up in Silicon Valleyor America s tooBy Nuhru s death in 1964 and the end of the third Five year Plan the promise of the early years was looking remote Nehru left behind a thwarted economy whose resuscitation was the subject of Driving Hungry: A Memoir furious debatesor nearly three decades thereafter Part of the reason these debates were so drawn out however was that Nehru s conception of India continued to enjoy an almost theological prestige even as the economic system on which it was based witheredIn the years The Museum of Us following Nehru s death the wider world became evenor the educated and affluent even remote and prohibited During the 1970s and 80s Hard to Hold for instanceoreign travel by private citizens while technically allowed was difficult even or the ew who could afford an air ticket because of severe restrictions placed on currency exchange An international phone call had to be booked a day in advance Very A Bedtime Yarn feworeign companies could invest in Indian Ignore Everybody: and 39 Other Keys to Creativity firms or set up Indian operations of their own and imports oforeign products were largely banned So perhaps it may be understood rom all of this why India could not contemplate the dismantling of be understood rom all of this why India could not contemplate the dismantling of state controls and embrace of global capital until there was simply no other choice even though the Indian economy was conspicuously dysfunctional Americas Bitter Pill for decades The idea was simply too blasphemous And yet by July 1991 the prevailing system was in tatters and there was indeed no other choice Since then the Indian economy has grown by as much as 10% per annum overtaking the economies of Canada and Russia to join the ten largest economies in the world Dasgupta argues that the successful in Delhi owed much of their prosperity to these othersto theact that they were situated in the middle of an ocean of povertySweeping away Wampeters, Foma Granfalloons from Delhi s south eastern edge was the vast swathe of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar where 300 million people earned an average of 500 per year Not only were they very poor the were also politically weak and their lives were getting worse They constituted therefore a cheap and near infinite resourceor the labour intensive industries such as construction mining and manufacturing that made Delhi wealthyHe talks about a corpor. Po wprowadzeniu otwartej gospodarki rynkowej w Indiach zapanował chaos niszczenia i tworzenia slumsy i targowiska były burzone a na ich miejscu wyrastały centra handlowe i apartamentowce powstawały oszałamiające ortuny młodzi ludzie robili zawrotne kariery a luksus był na wyciągnięcie ręki Ale transformacja dała też początek ogromn.