Hypermasculine style carries such a delicate name isn t itAlso if you like yaoibara or are open to gay erotica not much going on anyway and enjoy a bit of satire I recommend Muscular Sailor Sexy Moon by Nobita It s gloriousview spoiler hide spoiler In my studies I have focused very explicitly on gender whether it was in English literature over all or specifically in medieval English literature I find the way gender is represented advocated or repressed very interesting and part of that is the way in which we have translated gender patterns from previous centuries to our own Part of the fact I could follow my interest is because of the path early feminist scholars have built for me Their early forays into what feminity means were incredibly important and have established Gender Studies as its own independent field However a similar focus on masculinity has only slowly developed so when I saw A History of Virility on Netgalley I knew I wanted and had to read it Thanks to Columbia University Press and Netgalley for providing me with a copy of this book in exchange
for an honest reviewTo start with it has to be acknowledged that the contributors to an honest reviewTo start with it has to be acknowledged that the contributors to academic collection are absolutely stellar Not only do they stretch across different disciplines together they also manage to interrogate every moment of relevant human history As such the book does exactly what its title promises which is uite a feat for an academic book A History of Virility actually does cover the history of the concepts of virility and masculinity the way in which these ideas and concepts were represented in the arts and how they developed over time What is also interesting is how this collection of chapters interacts with some of the academic theories who are dominant in the field of Gender Studies at the moment One of the crucial ones a theory taught to every English lit undergraduate is Judith Butler s ideas about gender performativity Basically this theory means that gender isn t something set and intrinsic but rather that what we consider masculine and feminine are a set of behaviours which we perform And this covers everything from clothes to ways of walking and talking etc Until now I ve only really seen this theory applied to femininity so it was interesting to see it applied to masculinity and virility for oncePerhaps most interesting to readers who are not as interested in the Classical periods are the chapters on recent history such as Fascist Virility by Johann Chapoutot Masculinity and virility have been used especially in Nazi Germany as a way of incite a population During the Second World War Italian and German fascism as a way of incite a population During the Second World War Italian and German fascism built upon the concept of virility which went hand in hand with a complete devaluation of women apart from being mothers and wives Virility then became everything femininity was not To see recent history in such a different way is interesting especially if you then look at the way in which we currently seems to be returning to some of the thought patterns from before It is important to be aware not only of how gender plays a role in societal developments but also how gender is only one of the many things playing in such major upheavalsReading A History of Virility was absolutely fascinating Not only is it a great addition to the field of Gender Studies in general but when it comes to Masculinity Studies it is also a fundamental contribution Moving through the key phases of human life A History of Virility does exactly what its title promises I d recommend this to fans of non fiction and historyFor full review Rubens Male torso study of the Farnese Hercules c 1600 1608I remember a girl I worked with at White City in my early twenties let s call her Lisa although StoryA major contribution to the nascent field of masculinity studies this history consults painting sculpture literature philosophy film and cultural and sociological critiue It involves fascism nationalism liberalism classicism colonialism and war With the twentieth century delivering one blow after another to hegemonic virility this book also explores where manliness might be headed next.
read & download ✓ eBook or Kindle ePUB ✓ Alain CorbinThis is a thoughtful collection of essays that explores the historicisation of virility from classical Greece and Rome to the twentieth century The authors don t always add anything new to the extensive bibliography that exists on constructions of gender andor masculinity but where they do add value is in the material often French that they
use as the basis of their analysisSo analyses of Renaissance beards and codpieces for example already exist as doesas the basis of their analysisSo analyses of Renaissance beards and codpieces for example already exist as does work on Nazism and the anxious paradoxes of masculinity but both areas are developed here It s productive too that visual images are discussed alongside texts with some surprising nuances teased outThis is a scholarly text which speaks to the field but is likely to be accessible to interested general readers as well It s perhaps not uite as provocative or ground breaking as the preface would like it to be but is certainly a worthy addition to the literature investigating masculinity and the masculine body in historicised contexts I received an ARC through the courtesy of NetGalley and the publishersBefore I start my review I have a few things to sayFirst a big thanks to Warwick He started reading this first and it was thanks to his comments I knew this book existed Second I wasn t able to finish this mammoth of a book before the publication date which was the 16th of February 2016 So I already passed the publication date Not only does this book consist of 752 pages I m in the midst of writing my Master s thesis so I have very little time Nonetheless I wanted to give a feedback and encourage you to read this book because I think it deserves a lot of attentionThird I try to talk about the book and mix it with my own thoughts on the topic For now I concentrate on Chapter 20 Homosexual TransformationsI intend to add material to this review the further I read It will take a little time that s allA History of Virility is thankfully a well researched cultural anthropological philosophical artistic social analysis of the image of men masculinity virility and all the topics surrounding it NOT some sort glorification of masculinitymen The articles cover different topics and times beginning with Ancient Greece and ending in modern times There s even a chapter on the female viewgaze on virility So with over 700 pages of science you have a lot to cover and discoverI chose for this glimpse review the chapter Homosexual Transformation because right now the Swiss are about to vote on an initiative about changes on tax rights for married couples The thing is the initiative might have some good points but it s championed by the CVP a conservative right winged Christian party so the initiative is not only crude extremely one sided and uestionable it openly discriminates against non heterosexual couples Don t get me started on the other initiative which is a nightmareopenly calling to legally treat foreigners as as second class citizens and shitting on human rights I better not go there or I won t stop rantingThe chapter begins with a few simple explanation on terminologies gay homosexual ueer etc and the inner and outer struggle of non heterosexual identity By inner and outer struggle I mean inside the community how LGBT define themselves and how they treat their own members and outside of the communityVirility plays an important role in the definition of gayness Gays were typically thought of as effeminate and flamboyant an ideal stamped by others on how gays are For me there is a strong connection between virility and not being male but feminine femininity being weakness softness and emotionalnot logical It s interesting because when certain people want to belittle gays they compare them to wom. In these original essays an international group of scholars including Arlette Farge Jean Paul Bertaud Christelle Taraud and Fabrice Virgili follow the socio historical evolution of virility as opposed to masculinity to unsettle popular accounts of politics and culture The book begins with ancient conceptions of the male gender which persisted with significant alterations for centuries While. .
En No they put them down by lowering their social status to that of a womanOn the other hand lesbians are put down by comparing them to men For them lesbians want to be men but they can t because the lack natural virility a virility which is usually connected to genitalia and societal power Lesbians are basically seen as bad impersonators of men lacking true masculinity while gays seem to offend virility by rejecting the default sexual orientation and liking what women like also making them bad impersonators of womenIt boils down to the misconception of They ust Want To Be A to be a Florence Tamagne mentions in her article the gay clubs during different times in history I remember watching a documentary on these secret underground clubs in London usually owned by a woman who takes on the role of Mother In that documentary they explained how men met not only for sex but also to perform a carnevalesue roleplay They dressed up often as women re enacted births with puppets or household utensils and did a bunch of other crazy stuff They shed all form of social and gender norms Probably most of them weren t transgender although I m sure some must have been Putting on a dress and pretending to be a woman was less about wanting to be a woman but about contrasting the harsh norms of Victorian England and the strict image of a true and proper English man It was as much play as it was showing society the middle fingerThe uestion whether some of them thought that their homosexual desire meant they had to be women in other words you can have sex with men without wanting to be a woman is something we can t answer without personal accounts of that time In the end Each Individual Must Have Perceived The Scene And Their Sexuality individual must have perceived the scene
*and their sexuality *their sexuality point is brought up by the author one I also thought about MtF transgender are talked about than FtM The short answer Tamagne gives is sexualization of women in media and societyI think I have to agree with this Becoming a woman seems to be way scandalous and I think a big part is even though many probably don t consciously get it being a woman puts you in a huge disadvantage It s probably seen as men choosing to be the weaker sex the sex that is inferior because we have less power authority etc Becoming a woman makes you weak although I have to point out transwomen don t become women they are women the body they were born with is Her Story: Women in Christian Tradition just not the one fitting their gender I m talking from the POV of society here and vulnerable In fact all eyes are on the transwoman does she look feminine enough Is she convincingly female How pretty is sheI fear transmen especially those who don t fully transition or are about to are still perceived as women hence the disinterest in them And probably it s also not so interesting because they become the powerful sexIust thought how interesting it was when Caitlyn Jenner transitioned The moment she presented herself on the cover of a magazine dressed in a bodice the world instantly talked about her in terms of beauty and her sexiness It was about what a convincing SEXY woman she was And convincing means to look and present oneself in a certain fashionOn to another topic How gay culture re appropriated the image of hypermasculinity It s really interesting how gays took that image and still showcased their sexuality It was provocative and challenging I m really interested in this subculture because it has created some very interesting art Think of Tom of Finland I encourage you to read into this subculture of the gay community it s fascinating But be warned some artists are very graphic There is also a Japanese manga genre with this kind of style called bara which literally means rose Funny how such Virility was challenged during the Enlightenment its preeminence was restored by social forms of male bonding in the nineteenth century Models and codes of virility are chipped away by pacifist feminist and gay rights movements during the next hundred years; twentieth century conceptions of maleness embody a virility on edge which adds a fascinating new dimension to our understanding of hi. ,