EPUB Unfair author Adam Benforado by Adam Benforado
Ion II Adjudication III Punishment and IV ReformPositives1 A well written well researched book that is grounded on sound logic and good science2 A Right Turns: From Liberal Activist to Conservative Champion in 35 Unconventional Lessons fascinating topic the new science of our unfair criminal system 3 Mastery of a complex topic and innate ability to educate and enlighten at an accessible level 4 I love the tone and pace of this book Benforado is very careful not to oversell the benefits of science while at the same time clearly showing what good research has uncovered and the shortcomings of our system Kudos5 A clearly defined theme Injustice is built into our legal structures and influences outcomes every minute of every day And its origins lie not inside the dark heart of a bigoted police officer or a scheming DA but within the mind of each and every one of us Intriguing 6 Provides many interesting cases and immerses sound logic and science into each one David Rosenbaum s story illustrates an unacceptable chain of mistakes The physical disgust theyelt may have generated an explanation Politically Incorrect for David s condition that involved lack of discipline and poor character drunkenness rather than another potential cause a stroke seizure diabetes head injury or drug interaction And once the ETOH label was attached David was in trouble 7 Confirmation bias and its impact to our criminal system Once David was labeled a drunk the responders and medical professionals appeared toocus on Beyond Varallan finding evidence that supported that description 8 Aascinating look at alse confessions and what leads to them False confessions and incriminating statements are the leading contributors to wrongful homicide convictions present in over 60 percent of the known DNA murder exoneration cases in the United States More broadly they appear to have been a actor in about 25 percent of all post conviction exonerations 9 Great use of neuroscience Some scientists have claimed that roughly half of the variability in antisocial traits across the population comes down to the genes that people are born with All things being eual if you have a Y chromosome you are several times likely to engage in violent criminal behavior And psychopaths and pedophiles are both disproportionately men But it can be hard to separate out the impact of genes rom social actors after all men and women are subjected to very different arrays of experiences and expectations 10 A look at how lawyers break the rules and what can be done about it We should worry then about the enormous control that prosecutors have over the state s evidence and witnesses they are the ones who decide if and when the defendant s team will receive the ballistics report or the DNA report or a copy of the witness statement or the initial police write up Research suggests that the prosecutors are Dona Flor focused on winning rather than on achieving justice the likely they will be to act dishonestly 11 The role of juries Of course theaith we have in our own perceptions and our cynical discrediting of those with whom we disagree can create trouble even when a jury does get to consider the case As jurors we are often oblivious to how our own preexisting commitments beliefs and biases shape our impressions but we uickly and easily spot them influencing others 12 Surprising Rocker Babies Wear Jeans findings and tidbits used throughout the book Recent research suggests that a person s weight can influence juror assessments with male jurors likely to reach a guilty verdict when the accused is an overweight woman than when she is thin 13 So how reliable is our memory There isor instance compelling evidence that eyewitness identifications are reuently inaccurate When the actual perpetrator appears in a lineup along with several innocent illers witnesses Sono with Visits from the Seventh fail to pick anyone out about a third of the time 14 The impact of race Research suggests that people are 50 percent likely to make an error in identifying a personrom another race although individuals who have a lot of contact with the other race tend to
be accurate 15 great stuff on separating truth accurate 15 Great stuff on separating truth untruth Overall it turns out that we are uite bad at erreting out deception In a recent analysis of than two hundred studies participants were able to identify lies and truths correctly just 54 percent of the time only marginally better than chance 16 An excellent chapter on judging Although she was orced to retreat rom her statements about how gender and ethnicity influence judging Justice Sotomayor was right identities and personal experiences do affect the acts that judges choose to see 17 So what drives us to punish Indeed there is a growing scientific consensus that it is a desire Heroes Adrift (Hero, for retribution not deterrence or incapacitation that has the strongest influence on why we punish 18 A look at prison life Uglyacts A country that abolished slavery 150 years ago now has a greater number of black men in the correctional system than there were slaves in 1850 and a greater percentage of its black population in jail than was imprisoned in apartheid South Africa Black male and no high school diploma It s likely than not that you will spend time in prison during your life 19 Compelling arguments on what we can do to improve our society The starting point of any reform comes in understanding and accepting this reality We all need to look at the criminal justice system through new eyes So raising awareness about psychology and neuroscience research is critical 20 Notes and a Chuck and Danielle formal bibliography included Negatives1 I have one main negative the lack of links to notes A real shame since I m one of those readers who loves to dig deeper into the references That being said I ve read and reviewed a number of books that makes references to such research and Benforado is on point 2 Charts and diagrams would have complemented this excellent narrativeIn summary I absolutely loved this book It has two of myavorite subjects Escaping the Endless Adolescence: How We Can Help Our Teenagers Grow Up Before They Grow Old fused into one where science meets our criminal system and all that it implies Benforado won me over with his mastery of thisascinating topic great pacing and excellent insights and dare I say judicial use of the best of our current science It s
"been a while "a while I ve read a book this good kudos I can t recommend this book enough Further recommendations The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander Uncertain Justice by Laurence Tribe Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman The Nine By Jeffrey Toobin The Roberts Court by Marcia Coyle Braintrust by Patricia Churchland The Blank Slate and Better Angels of Our Nature by Steven Pinker The Believing Brain by Michael Shermer Subliminal by Leonard Mlodinow We Are Our Brains by DF Swaab and Are You Sure by Ginger Campbell. R conscious awareness Until we address these hidden biases head on Benforado argues the social ineuality we see now will only widen as powerful players and institutions Dogs Behaving Badly: An A-Z Guide to Understanding and Curing Behavorial Problems in Dogs find ways to exploit the weaknesses of our legal system Weaving together historical examples scientific studies and compelling court casesrom the border collie put on trial in Kentucky to the Gray Bishop five teenagers whoalsely confessed in the Central Park Jogger case Benforado shows how our judicial processes ail to uphold our values and protect society’s weakest members With clarity and passion he lays out the scope of the legal system’s dysfunction and proposes a wealth of practical reforms that could prevent injustice and help us achieve true airness and euality before the law. ,
Le to perceive images as threateningRather than simply detailing problems Benforado does have plenty of suggestions or change Some of these are relatively small and seem like excellent ideas For instance officers should be trained in cognitive interviewing asking ew open ended and non suggestive uestions of witnesses of crime to avoid tainting their memories while witnesses about to view a lineup should be told that the suspect may or may not be included to prevent their simply choosing the one who looks most like the perpetrator In Liar fact having lineups administered by a computer may be even better to prevent officers unconsciously influencing a witness s memory through their approval or body languageSome of the suggestions are much global and I give Benforado creditor thinking big and outside the box One intriguing idea is virtual trials record the trial in advance and give jurors just the information presented through avatars This would eliminate biases based on physical appearance and performance and allow a trial to be shown to multiple juries at little additional costMeanwhile the author shows discomfort with many aspects of the adversarial system though his alternative proposal isn t uite clear He correctly points out that the procedural safeguards we build into the system in an attempt to prevent error often become ends in themselves Noir frustrating their original purpose Take Miranda warningsor instance if an officer Renovate: Changing Who You Are by Loving Where You Are fails to give them a perpetrator s confession can be excluded and therefore a criminal may goree while on the other hand judges rarely entertain the idea that a confession might be coerced once an officer has recited those lines even if we re talking about a highly suggestible suspect who was uestioned Gaffer for many hoursalsely told that the police had evidence against him and promised leniency in exchange Circumstantial Evidence for a confession And there s simply not time based on the many procedural safeguards built into our system of trialsor than a tiny percentage of cases to be Lone Star Justice: The First Century of the Texas Rangers fully heard the vast majority plead guilty in a system the author sees as highly suspect But what could we do instead it s difficult to decipher Benforado s ideas on this point asiderom idealistic notions of truth seeking and vague references to Germany s having a different systemBut the book does have its drawbacks Rather than endnotes to which one can refer or specific acts and studies the author simply includes a bibliography A Chicken in Every Yard: The Urban Farm Store's Guide to Chicken Keeping for each chapter with no indication as to which of the dozens of works cited include which information This shows off the author s reading while offering no help to his readers This is particularly unfortunate on the topicsor which he provides only vague information or instance he tells us that solitary confinement alters the brain in observable ways but not what part of the brain is affected what this part does and what changes are seen once prisoners are reed Ultimately the book leaves readers with the choice between taking the author s word Summer Meditations for his claims or doing their own research starting or lessrom scratch This is an incredibly poor decision God Said, Ha!: A Memoir for someone who wants to profoundly change entrenched parts of officialdomLess damaging but also unfortunate is theact that while Benforado presents information in a clear and readable style his storytelling is less than stellar He begins each chapter with a ew pages of introductory luff which is a great opportunity to tell compelling human interest stories related to the topic at hand but often than not he suanders it For instance the chapter dealing with physiognomy begins with rambling about how people are ascinated by mugshots OkayFinally while the book s portrayal of the justice system as almost medieval snap decisions are based
Incomplete Information And The Gutinformation and the gut of those making them without scientific basis and generally without oversight is airly accurate in some ways the book does present an overly gloomy picture I suspect some readers might be unduly horrified not realizing that most criminal cases aren t based on eyewitness identification by strangers or police pushing or a confession from whatever black or Hispanic man happened to be near the crime scene Most people plead guilty because they are whatever black or Hispanic man happened to be near the crime scene Most people plead guilty because they are the evidence against them is good This in no way excuses the miscarriages of justice that go on every day but I hope readers don t come away with the idea that courts and police produce utterly random resultsOverall I m glad I read this book much of the information it contains is ascinating and it s presented in a clear and concise way These are issues people should be thinking about However the lack of sourcing is a serious limitation I can only hope it will be corrected in uture editions The criminal justice systems of the United States work very badly Adam Benforado a law professor at Drexel University demonstrates their deficiencies under the broad headings of
investigation adjudication punishment and reform He is very air in pointing out the progress that has beenadjudication punishment and reform He is very Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi's Long Journey to Triumph in Iraq fair in pointing out the progress that has been both here and in other countries and creative in suggesting and supporting possible solutions This is theirst book that I have ever read that looks to science data and intelligence both human and machine Michelin Green Guide Normandy for better ways Itelt like stepping out of the dark ages looking back down into a stinking cesspit of crime punishment corruption deprivation poverty mental illness stupidity and raceI have the prejudice that academics are verbose even in writing or general audiences and I wished that Mr Benforado would just get on with it The depth and airness of his narrative kept me on board howeverThis may seem trivial but when I read wordy books I look to chapters as milestones This book and a minority of others ollows the unfortunate practice of having the runners at the top of the pages show the author s name on the verso left hand pages in addition to the page number The practice of showing the chapter titles is so much better because we can use them to lip through and uickly ind the next chapter Unfair The New Science of Criminal Injustice by Adam Benforado Unfair is a antastic well researched look at what is at the heart of our unfair criminal system Law professor Adam Benforado has provided the public with an eye opening gem grounded on the best current science historical court cases and insightful research He explores the nature of the criminal mind eyewitness memory jury deliberations police procedures and intuitions about punishment This enlightening 402 page book includes twelve chapters broken out into the What Every American Should Know About the Rest of the World followingour parts I Investigat. Thin the minds of each and every one of us This is difficult to accept Our nation is I Got a New Friend founded on the idea that the law is impartial that legal cases are won or lost on the basis of evidence careful reasoning and nuanced argument But they may inact turn on the camera angle of a defendant’s taped confession the number of photos in a mug shot book or a simple word choice during a cross examination In Unfair Benforado shines a light on this troubling new The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War field of research showingor example that people with certain Experiencing the Resurrection: The Everyday Encounter That Changes Your Life facialeatures receive longer sentences and that judges are ar likely to grant parole irst thing in the morning Over the last two decades psychologists and neuroscientists have uncovered many cognitive orces that operate beyond ou.