Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap... and Others Don't [Pdf Read]

Naked Choke eIng somewhat cynical about such visions splendid such leadership revolutionaries present I can t recommend this book but it was important that I read it I think I was hoping this book would give me some guidelines to remember when I start my own business There were a few good points but nothing compelling Reading this book wasn t a very good use of my timeTips from the bookFirst Who then WhatFirst get the right people on the bus and the wrong people off it then figure out where to drive Having the right people in the company is important than deciding what the company will do because the right people will help make that decision anyway Whether a person is right or not depends on their character than their knowledge and skills Don t waste time dealing with people who aren t contributing fire them ASAPDon t wasteffort trying to motivate people the right people are self motivated All you have to do is keep from de motivating themThe Hedgehog ConceptTo become great use the Hedgehog Concept concentrate on the point of intersection between what you are passionate about what you can be the best in the world at and what drives your Pleasure Activism: The Politics of Feeling Good economicngine The Hedgehog Concept is named for the simple hedgehog that does one thing well curling up for defense and is able to defeat the crafty fox which knows many things but acts inconsistentlyA Culture of DisciplineIgnore once in a lifetime opportunities unless they fit in the 3 circles of the Hedgehog ConceptDon t treat budgeting as allocating amounts of money to activities but choose Hedgehog Concept activities to fully fund and don t fund others Stop doing lists are important than to do listsTechnology AcceleratorsDoes the technology fit directly with your Hedgehog Concept If yes then pioneer that technology If not settle for parity with your competitors or ignore itGreatness happens as a result of long term consistent behavior not a sudden lucky break or killer app First and foremost Good to Great has no breakthrough concepts to offer Collins is good at inventive metaphors and catch phrases to push concepts through but ultimately there is really nothing counter intuitive or revolutionary about the results of this studyThat said the concepts in the book might still be valuable for managers CEOs and other professionals Here is a brief summary of the book and a short tour on how Good to Great Why Some Companies Make the Leap and Others Don t James C CollinsGood to Great Why Some Companies Make the Leap and Others Don t is a management book by Jim C Collins that describes how companies transition from being good companies to great companies and how most companies fail to make the transition The book was published on October 16 2001 Greatness is defined as financial performance several multiples better than the market average over a sustained period Using tough benchmarks Collins and his research team identified a set of Murder at the Mansion elite companies that made the leap to great results and sustained those results for at least fifteen years How great After the leap the good to great companies generated cumulative stock returns that beat the general stock market by an average of seven times in fifteen years better than twice the results delivered by a composite index of the world s greatest companies including Coca Cola Intel General Electric and Merck Collins finds the main reason certain companies become great is they narrowly focus the company s resources on their field of key competence 2006 1383 301 9648148031 1384 1386 1387 1388 9789648148039 1386 1389 1392 21 1395 336 9786007133750 1395 350 9786006959781 1395 270 9786006958927 1394 202 05121399 Why Indie Authors Should Read Business BooksI am finally pursuing my lifelong passion of becoming an author and writing is a business so I needed to invest in myself I figured the bible of the business world would have some interesting things to say After all a People often ask what motivates you to undertake these huge research projectsIt s a good uestion The answer is curiosityThere is nothing I findxciting than picking a uestion that I don t know the answer to and Healing Souls embarking on a uest for answers It s deeply satisfying to climb into the boat like Lewis and Clark and head west saying We don t know what we will find when we get there but we ll be sure to let you know when we get backThis undaunted curiosity is the stimulus of this work proclaims the author in the beginning justifying why he got down to such a grueling task Though this book isxclusively for the management students and for the corporate guys I still feel this book is very well researched and can be read by them also who have the least interests in companies and businesses This book is a result of the hard toil of a large research team of Jim Collins after Built to Last If you read it you will find the reason why millions of copies have been sold of this Wall Street Journal s CEO council declared it the best management book they have readThis book is all about why some companies leap from good to great and others don tThe first thing it tries to preach is that Good is the Seductive Surrender enemy of greatFew people attain greatness in large part because it is just soasy to settle for a good life Next the book talks about a kind of Level 5 leadership leaders of a paradoxical mix of personal and professional willthey are fanatically personal humility and professional willthey are fanatically infected with an incurable need to produce results they display workmanlike diligence plow horse than show horse they look out of a window to attribute success to factors other than themselvesIn the subseuent chapters comes the idea of choosing the right guys It s important first getting the right people on the bus and wrong people off the bus and then figure out where to drive itThen there is a Stockdale Paradox in this book which is Seductive Surrender (Highland Heather Romancing a Scot, eually applicable in any field of life Retain faith that you will prevail in thend regardless of the DifficultiesAnd At The Same Time at the same time the most brutal facts of your current reality whatever they might beThere are many other concepts outlined in this book they look technical so much business involved in them but they are uite handy ven to the simpler minds uite comprehensible ven to those ordinary mortals like me The research done for this book may have taken a huge amount of resources time and nergy but as a conseuence the major findings and learnings of this project are rather uncomplicated The key lements of greatness are deceptively simple and straightforward I feel this book is a wonderful xhibition of undemanding intelligence ncrusted with due diligence In the The Deepest Sin end Even if you think in contrast If you think you are already gratified to the goodness around you and think after reading the title of this bookWhy greatness I don t need that Then the book has an answer for you as well It says it s almost a nonsense uestion If you arengaged in a work that you love and care about for whatever reason then the uestion needs no answer The uestion is not why but how I hope I don t get fired for not thinking this was the greatest book ver Honestly business books are not xactly my cup of tea This book started off really interesting The author talks about habits that great companies use to keep their companies run smoothly Many of the suggestions the author gives seem very logical don t have negative people work for your company don t try to put your hand in very pot don t stop doing things that work well and do stop doing things that aren t working tcI had two major concerns with this book First was simply the manner in which it was written The author spent hundreds of pages xplaining what could have been xplained much succinctly It s similar to my thesis My completed thesis was 60 pages but the article I wrote to be published in a journal which consists of the same material or less was only about 15 pages I would be interested in this book if it was written in journal form allowing me to cut out the redundancy To the author s credit however I appreciated that he did give xamples as often I was very confused by his xplanation of the concept and wouldn t have understood without his providing an xample they found in one of the companiesMy second major concern was the methodology The author utilizes no scientific method for gathering data but instead utilizes a panning for gold approach throw verything into the pot and see what comes out That combined with overwhelming hindsight bias makes me xtremely suspicious of any and very conclusion drawn in the book While reading this book I was reminded of one of my undergraduate teachers Le valeureux guerrier explaining the advantage that Freud had as anarly psychologist because of his theories he could not be proven wrong How do you prove that someone isn t in denial How do you prove that someone isn t obsessed with his mother Likewise how do you prove that these theories proposed by Jim Collins actually work Indeed Collins later predicts at the Snowflakes on the Sea end of his book that any company that STOPS abiding by the principles he outlines will fail With his interesting methodology I doubt that his principles would have a causal link toither success or failure I Wrathful Chaos: Five Books of Satanic Philosophy expect that many companies fail and that many companies are very successful without regard to his theories In addition a problem with his methodology is that he measured greatness by a company s sustained stock market value being a certain percentage 150% above the general market what about private companies How can a private company measure greatness if that is the standardSo overall Injoyed this book at the beginning and became bored with it by the nd I think there are some good principles that can be pulled out of it but I fear that some companies will take this book too much to heart and let other important factors slipRob please don t fire At performers while the other set remained only good The FindingsThe findings of the Good to Great study will surprise many readers and shed light on virtually very area of management strategy and practice The findings includeLevel 5 Leaders The research team was shocked to discover the type of leadership reuired to achieve greatnessThe Hedgehog Concept Simplicity within the Three Circles To go from good to great reuires transcending the curse of competenceA Culture of Discipline When you combine a culture of discipline with an thic of ntrepreneurship you get the magical alchemy of great results Technology Accelerators Good to great companies think differently about the role of technologyThe Flywheel and the Doom Loop Those who launch radical change programs and wrenching restructurings will almost certainly fail to make the lea. This book by Jim Collins is one of the most successful books to be found in the Business section of your local megabookstore and given how it purports to tell you how to take a merely good company and make it great it s not difficult to see why that might be so Collins and his crack team of researchers say they swam through stacks of business literature in search of info on how to pull this feat off and came up with a list of great companies that illustrate some concepts central to the puzzle They also present for Humanism: The Greek Ideal and its Survival each great company what they call a comparison company which is kind of that company with a goatee and a much less impressivearnings record The balance of the book is spent Love 2.0 (A Cates Brothers Book, expanding on pithy catch phrases that describe the great companies like First Who Then What or Be a Hedgehog or Grasp the Flywheel not the Doom Loop No no I m totally seriousI ve got several problems with this book the biggest of which stem from fundamentally viewpoints on how to do research Collin s brand of research is not my kind It s not systematic it s not replicable it s not generalizable it s not systematic it s not free of bias it s not model driven and it s not collaborative It s not in short scientific in any way That s not to say that other methods of inuiry are without merit the Harvard Business Review makes pretty darn good use of case studies forxample but way too often Collins s great truths seemed like suare pegs crammed into round holes because a round hole is what he wants For The Fix example there s no reported search for information that disconfirms his hypotheses Are there other companies that don t make use of a Culture of Discipline Chapter 6 natch but yet are still great according to Collins s definition Are there great companies that fail to do some of the things he says should make them great The way that the book focuses strictly on pairs of greatcomparison companies smacks of confirmatory information bias which is a kink in the human mind that drives us to seek out and pay attention to information that confirms our prexisting suppositions and ignore information that fails to support themRelatedly a lot of the book s themes and platitudes strike me as owing their popularity to the same factors that make the horoscope or certain personality tests like the Myers Briggs Type Indicator so popular they re so general and loosely defined that almost anyone can look at that and not only say that wow that make sense and I ve always felt the same way This guy and me We re geniuses The chapter about getting the right people on the bus that xtols the virtue of hiring really super people is perhaps the most obvious xample Really did anyone read this part and think Oh man I ve been hiring half retarded chimps THAT S my problem I should hire GOOD people Probably not and given that Collins doesn t go into any detail about HOW to do this or any of his other good to great pro tips I m not really sure where the value is supposed to beIt also irked me that Good to Great seems to try and xist in a vacuum failing to relate its findings to any other body of research xcept Collins s other book Built to Last The most Desire in Seven Voices egregiousxample of this is arly on in Chapter 2 where Collins talks about his concept of Level 5 Leadership which characterizes those very special folks who perch atop a supposed leadership hierarchy The author actually goes into some detail describing Level 5 leaders but toward the nd of the chapter he just shrugs his figurative shoulders and says But we don t know how people get to be better leaders Some people just are Wait what People in fields like Industrial Organizational Psychology and Organizational Development have been studying scientifically what great leaders do and how to do it for decades We know TONS about how to become a better leader There are The Casa Mono Cookbook entire industries built around it You would think that somebody on the Good to Great research team may have done a cursory Google search on thisSo while Good to Great does have some interesting thoughts and a handful of amusing orven fascinating stories to tell about the companies it profiles I liked for xample learning about why Walgreens opens so many shops in the same area ven to the point of having stores across the street from ach other in some cities ultimately it strikes me as vague generalities and little to no practical information about how to actually DO anything to make your company great Here are Jim Collins seven characteristics of companies that went from good to great1 Level 5 Leadership Leaders who are humble but driven to do what s best for the company2 First Who Then What Get the right people on the bus then figure out where to go Finding the right people and trying them out in different positions3 Confront the Brutal Facts The Stockdale paradox Confront the brutal truth of the situation yet at the same time never give up hope4 Hedgehog Concept Three overlapping circles What makes you money What could you be best in the world at and What lights your fire5 Culture of Discipline Rinsing the cottage cheese6 Technology Accelerators Using technology to accelerate growth within the three circles of the hedgehog concept7 The Flywheel The additive ffect of many small initiatives they act on ach other like compound interestI really njoyed effect of many small initiatives they act on Lachlan's Protg (English Edition) each other like compound interestI reallynjoyed Book And Think Any Business Owner book and think any business owner ntrepreneur would find the book interesting and benefit from focusing on the seven characteristics above but I should also point out what I consider to be a few of the flaws with the book1 Collins spends a lot of time xplaining some pretty common sense stuff Don t let your go get in the way of good decisions don t have the wrong people in the wrong positions in your company be realistic tc2 Collins implies a causal relationship when there isn t nough data to determine such a thing saying that they found x followed by y in all the great companies And maybe x led to y but maybe it didn t We don t know Without comparing other companies that ither had x but didn t produce y or produced y but didn t have x we simply don t know if Collins Conflict in Blood examples demonstrate lessons that can be repeated for the same success by anybody It seems to me that there is a strong hindsight bias and a lot of uncertainty as to whether or not all good companies would become great by simply following Collins advice3 As psychologists have pointed out in books such as The Invisible Gorilla and Thinking Fast Thinking Slowven aiming at Good to Great specifically many business books tend to mistake a personal success story or numerous personal stories as a causal relationship that can be reproduced by anybody when in reality the likely xplanation was that they benefited from a lot of luck and there isn t a simple process of do x and you will receive y 4 11 years after the book was published the success rates of the great companies isn t so great Were those companies not so great after all What happened What changed At least half of the 11 great companies he identified are no longer doing so great Circuit City is bankrupt Fannie Mae went bankruptnationalized Wells Fargo needed a bailout Nucor s stock and revenue crashed Pitney Bowes went down significantly and Gillette is no longer independent It seems strange that greatness was so asily lost 5 Also a difficulty with his methodology is that he measured a company s greatness by its sustained stock market value being a certain percentage 150% above the general market So how does a private company measure greatness with this sort of standard Okay let s get this out of the way first this book is DATED It studies The Crucified Ones: Calling Forth the End-Time Remnant eleven companies that beat the stock market over a period of fifteen years irrespective of industry other comparison companies in the same industries did not produce the same results Unfortunately theseleven companies include Fannie Mae Circuit City Wells Fargo and Philip Morris The findings are ultimately interesting and I think the writers would argue that the recent performance of the companies don t affect the findings validity but boy is it a trip to read about Wells Fargo as a paragon of Grace Hopper and the Invention of the Information Age (Lemelson Center Studies in Invention and Innovation series) excellence in the year 2019James Collins wrote this with a large group of researchers and the methodology and results arexplained in detail in the Logic, Labels, And Flesh extensive appendices at thend of the book They distill their findings into seven key themes around what helps a company go from mediocre to truly great which they define as beating the stock market by a certain margin over a long period of time I realize that I am reading a business book and by default there needs to be a core metric by which we recognize businesses as good or great but I had some tr I ve been reading uite a few books about leadership lately I can t really say that I ve been terribly impressed with them They read too much like that terribly American genre of books the self help book Invariably they seem to have appeared fully formed out of the research of the people behind the book itself This is particularly amusing here since people have been concerned with the nature of leadership pretty much forever The other thing that I find a little odd about these books is that leadership is rarely defined in them I guess we are supposed to take the attitude that it might well be hard to say what leadership is but we all know it when we see it so leadership is a bit like pornography in that sense Given that this form of research sees itself as so revolutionary in just about all senses it ought to say things you would Dialogue: Relationships in Graphic Design expect that would be than just a series of platitudes I didn t really come away thinking that sense however Parts of this were okay but I really didn t come away as the author clearly thought I ought to have thinking that they had gone off into the great unknown and returned or less unharmed to tell. To find the keys to greatness Collins's 21 person research team read and coded 6000 articles generated than 2000 pages of interview transcripts and created 384 megabytes of computer data in a five year project The findings will surprise many readers and uite frankly upset othersThe ChallengeBuilt to Last the defining management study of the nineties showed how great companies triumph over time and how long term sustained performance can bengineered into the DNA of an The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths enterprise from the very beginning But what about the company that is not born with great DNA How can good companies mediocre companiesven bad companies achieve nduring greatness The StudyFor years this uestion preyed on the mind of Jim Collins Are there companies that defy gravity and convert long term mediocrity or worse into long term superiority And if so what. ,


The story If I hadn t been reading this book for a reason I would have stopped when the author compared himself to Lewis and Clark and he did so without a hint of irony This book is concerned with finding the attributes that companies have that start out average only to then move on to being xceptional They have defined Inventing the Medium: Principles of Interaction Design as a Cultural Practice exceptional companies as those that perform at three times the market for 15 years this is uite a good definition ofxceptional I guess But some of the companies have not done uite so well since this was written not sure how many people would write a book today about the glories of Freddie Mac today just saying the GFC clearly wasn t all that kind to some companies and whether or not leadership was the only factor at play here is an interesting uestion in itself although given the success of these firms is tied to leadership in this book presumably failure is also to be considered a leadership issue still this is all beyond the psycho babble of this kind of book Oh I m jumping ahead too uickly but that in a nutshell is probably one of my main concerns with books like this organisations are The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth essentially collections of peoplengaged in complex interactions and so psychology that is a science focused on the individual is uite likely to miss the point The limits of psychology in coming to terms with human interactions beyond the individual is again an interesting uestion and one that is not addressed here at all And this is hardly surprising since a book that focuses our attention on how leadership accounts for a businesses success is hardly going to move too far beyond psychology The book finds that these companies all shared seven characteristics The first of these was perhaps the one I found most interesting that is that their leaders all tended to be anti Trump type people That is they were all people who were much interested in the success of the company rather than in their own personal success and aggrandisement they tended to be humble they tended to be focused on their love of whatever it was they were doing rather than on having people tell them how fantastic they are As such these people often remained unsung despite the xceptional achievements they made This often meant that they had a singleness of purpose that might not be as apparent in people who want success for its own sake They also remained unsung for their success since they generally did not attribute their success to their own actions as much as other leaders again think Trump might They understood the luck and contingency involved in success and this fed into their own humility Having a personal preference for humble people myself the Japanese PM s wife who sat beside Trump for 2 hours and did not let him know she spoke English is currently one of my heroes it is nice that some management types think that such a personality trait is worthwhile Like I said this was a finding I was somewhat surprised to find in a book like thisPerhaps the major benefit of such self ffacing people is that they understand that they are unlikely to be successful purely on their own Therefore they are much like to also see that it is In Deeper essential that they surround themselves with people who are going to be good at what they do and that are potentially a bit like them in their dedication to the task at hand In this book this idea is summed up by the idea of these leaders making sure they have the right people in the right place There is lots of talk about buses thought out this book basically these books seem to be mostly about milking a particular metaphor or series of metaphors to death getting people onto the bus off the bus and in the right place on the bus being but one of those metaphors worked to death in this book The author repeatedly says that getting the right people is important than necessarily getting people who know what it is they are doing the right people basically being able to learn whatever it is that is necessary for them to do and anyway since all leadership isssentially change management getting people who are able to learn and change is the key Here is the notion that leadership is a particular set of skills that can be applied anywhere and is always just as Personlighetspsykiatri effective Thisxaggerated version of the story isn t Audiology entirely the caseven for this author but the differences that make a difference are never so much around the types of work xpected but rather the values of the company and in getting mployees who will live up to those Finding people who share the company s values is central to getting the right peopleWe need to talk about hindsight bias When a company is successful it is pretty likely that it is successful because all the bits of the company work well together If some bits of the company are actively working to undermine other bits of the company it would seem pretty likely that the company as a whole isn t going to be successful So saying that very successful companies are made up of parts that work well together and that the people leading those parts are team players all seems a bit obvious to me Perhaps saying they are the right people in the right jobs is saying something important but it isn t at all clear to me how you would know beforehand Given that Financial Modeling and Valuation: A Practical Guide to Investment Banking and Private Equity everyone is anxpert in hindsight it wasn t all that clear to me how you might go about picking the
right people and 
people and also seemed pretty obvious that when things stuffed up inevitably you could argue that it was because you had inadvertently chosen the wrong people The other problem I have with this idea is one I also had with Taylorism and scientific management which also has a long section on getting the right people that is that too often leaders simply don t have the luxury of being able to make those choices and of backing out of choices once it becomes clear the wrong one has been made To me a great leader would be one who can succeed with what they have rather than having to create the perfect nvironment first But I m not xactly a great world leader they have rather than having to create the perfect Learning Unreal® Engine iOS Game Development environment first But I m notxactly a great world leader what would I knowThis problem of hindsight comes up again in the next attribute great leaders face the brutal facts of the situation they find themselves in and are unflinching in how they stare into this particular abyss It isn t clear to me how you might navigate a changing Strange Visitors environment something all of these great leaders here invariably did without doing something that could be called coming to terms with the brutal facts of your situation Look I do understand that perhaps my shares in Hansom Cabs are never going to reach the dizzying heights they achieved in the 1870s but I m not sure just what brutally facing reality means other than it being something you will inevitably say you have done when any changes you make pay offI have another problem with this and that relates to the basic positivist underlying assumptions of such theories That is the idea that there isssentially one truth and ven though it likes to hide if you pursue it with objectivity and determination you will certainly find it I feel the world is much messy than that and that while you can say that if you don t pay any attention to the world around you then things are likely to stuff up pretty badly you are always operating with incomplete data something they ven say at one point and so being told to face what that data tells you with unflinching determination is ither not telling us very much or possibly not ven telling us anything at allThe next metaphor that gets a long run is the fox and the hedgehog Basically this comes from some philosopher who said there are two kinds of people and unfortunately didn t go on to say those who group people into two camps and those who don t rather he felt the two groups were those who are like foxes smart resourceful cunning and innovative and those like hedgehogs with basically one trick to roll into a ball This guy is particularly fond of hedgehogs He advises companies to figure out their hedgehog concept is that is the basic idea they have that might allow them to become best in the world at the idea that makes them their money and that drives their passion you know just like a hedgehog is passionate about rolling into a ball and then to make sure verything they do as a company is focused on that hedgehog concept My problem here is that while the author has problems with foxes it isn t clear to me that the fox has been volutionarily less successful than the hedgehog In fact the author spends uite a bit of time talking about General Electric and well fitting this company into the hedgehog idea seemed a bit of suare peg and round hole problem to meThat said it is hard to see how figure out what you are good at and do that could be bad advice I can t say I came away from this book thinking wow who d have thought you should do what you are good at if you want to succeed There was a nice bit of this book about technology that it on its own doesn t lead to greatness although it always plays a role Pretty much the advice here is to work out what you need to do to be great and then figure out how technology might help you achieve that rather than hope putting wiz bang technology into your systems will somehow make them good systems This seems completely obvious to me as well howeverAs you might already know I generally don t read books like this but I ve had to as I m doing research on Teach for Australia and they stress that teaching is leadership and use this book to support that claim So I was The Governess Club: Bonnie expecting this book to be something uite different to what it turned out to be I wasxpecting it to be something much to be honest It is hard to be in your 50 s and have decades of working with people who have been keen to implement the kinds of ideas discussed in this book upon people in their organisations without be. Are the universal distinguishing characteristics that cause a company to go from good to greatThe StandardsUsing tough benchmarks Collins and his research team identified a set of lite companies that made the leap to great results and sustained those results for at least fifteen years How great After the leap the good to great companies generated cumulative stock returns that beat the general stock market by an average of seven times in fifteen years better than twice the results delivered by a composite index of the world's greatest companies including Coca Cola Intel General Electric and Merck The ComparisonsThe research team contrasted the good to great companies with a carefully selected set of comparison companies that failed to make the leap from good to great What was different Why did one set of companies become truly gre. .
Inherent Fate (Crisanta Knight, The League of Gentlemen Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom, 1940-1945 The Fourth Cup: Unveiling the Mystery of the Last Supper and the Cross Crash Course in Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems
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summary Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap... and Others Don't

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Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap... and Others Don't